Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HUNT, William Morris, artist, born in Brattleboro, Vermont, 31 March, 1824; died in Appledore, Isles of Simals, New Hampshire, 8 September, 1879. He entered Haryard in 1840, but left on account of impaired health and went to Europe. His first aspirations for art were in the direction of sculpture, and he entered the Royal academy at Dusseldorf in 1846, with that purpose in view. But after a few months this taste gave place to a preference for painting, and he became a pupil of Couture at Paris, subsequently coming under the influence of Millet and Barbizan, whose broad method of tendering humanity and nature was henceforth suggested in the style of Hunt. In 1855 he returned to the United States and had a studio in Newport, but soon settled permanently in Boston, where he taught art with great success. He exercised much influence in shaping the future of American art, partly by leading his students to the study of the new art methods that were practised at Paris, and partly by aiding in the introduction here of a more clear perception of the principles of art. Among his important works are portraits of Chief-Justice Shaw, painted for the Essex bar, Judge Horace Gray, Mrs. Charles Francis Adams, William M. Evarts. James Freeman Clarke, and Charles Sumner. His compositions, generally single figures broadly and forcibly rendered, include the "Prodigal Son," "Priscilla," "The Drummer Boy" (1861); "Fortune Teller," "Marguerite," and "The Bathers," which is one of his best known works. Chief among his landscapes are "Gloucester Harbor" and "Plowing," combining landscape and figure. Toward the close of his life Mr. Hunt executed two ambitious allegorical mural paintings for the state capitol at Albany, entitled "The Flight of Night" and "The Discoverer." His "Talks on Art" were taken down and published by one of his pupils, Miss Helen M. Knowlton (2 vols., Boston, 1875). His brother, Richard Norris, architect, born in Brattleboro, Vermont, 31 October, 1828, after studying architecture in this country, entered the Eeole des beaux arts in Paris, and was for some time a pupil of Hector Lefuel, whom he assisted in erecting the build rags connecting the Tuileries and the Louvre After visiting Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, and the art centres of the continent, he returned to the United States in1855, and was engaged on the extension of the capitol at Washington. Among the structures designed by him are the Lenox library, the Presbyterian hospital, the Tribune building, the William K. Vanderbilt house, and the Central park entrances in New York; the theological library and Marquand chapel at Princeton; the divinity colleges and the Scroll and key society building at Yale the Vanderbilt mausoleum on Staten island; the Yorktown monument, Virginia, and the pedestal of the statue of Liberty on Bedlow's island, New York harbor. He is a member of various associations of architects, and was made a chevalier of the Legion of honor in 1884. The illustration on page 320 represents the Yorktown monument erected by the United States government in 1881.
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