Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com advises that these 19th Century
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WELLS, Samuel Roberts, phrenologist, born in West Hartford, Connecticut, 4 April, 1820; died in New York city, 13 April, 1875. He studied medicine, and obtained his degree, but never practised. He early became interested in phrenology, and was also one of the first advocates of an exclusively vegetable diet. In 1845 he became a partner in the publishing-house of O. S, and L. N. Fowler in New York city, the firm-name being Fowlers and Wells, and in 1865 he became sole proprietor. Mr. Wells edited the "Water-Cure Journal" in 1850-'62, the "Phrenological Journal " from 1863 till his death, and the "Annual of Phrenology and Physiognomy" after 1865. He accompanied Lorenzo N. Fowler in phrenological lecturing tours in the United States, Canada., and Great Britain, and was the author, among other works, of "The New Physiognomy, or Signs of Character" (New York, 1866); "How to read Character" (1869); and" Wedlock, or the Right Relations of the Sexes" (1869).--His wife, Charlotte Fowler, born in Cohocton, Steuben County, New York. 14 August, 1814, is a sister of the Fowler brothers. She was educated at Franklin academy, Prattsburg, New York, and in 1834 became interested in phrenology, which she taught as early as 1835. She joined her brothers in their New York enterprise in 1837, married Mr. Wells in 1844, and after her husband's death succeeded to the management of his business.
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In this powerful, historic work, Stan Klos unfolds the complex 15-year U.S.
Founding period revealing, for the first time, four distinctly different United
American Republics. This is history on a splendid scale -- a book about the not
quite unified American Colonies and States that would eventually form a fourth
republic, with only 11 states, the United States of America: We The