Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PITCHER, Nathaniel, governor of New York, born in Litchfield. Conn., in 1777; died in Sandy Hill, New York, 25 May, 1836. He removed early in life to Sandy Hill, New York, and was a member of the legislature of that state in 1806 and 1815-'17, and of the State constitutional convention in 1821. He was elected to congress as a Democrat, holding his seat in 1819-'23, was chosen lieutenant-governor of New York in 1826, and, by the death of Governor De Witt Clinton, became governor in February, 1828, serving till January, 1829. He was afterward again in congress m 1831-'3.--His brother, Zina, physician, born in Sandy Hill, New York, 12 April, 1797; died in Detroit, Michigan, 5 April, 1872, received an academical education, and in 1822 was graduated in medicine at Middlebury college, Vermont He was appointed assistant surgeon in the United States army on 8 May of that year, and surgeon with rank of major on 13 July, 1832, but resigned on 31 December, 1836, after see-mg service in the south, southeast, and southwest. In 1835 he was president of the army medical board, and from 2 February till 31 August, 1839, he served again as assistant surgeon. Meanwhile he had removed to Detroit, where he practised till his death, attaining note in his profession. He was a regent of the University of Michigan in 1837-'52, took an active part in organizing the medical department of that institution, and was afterward given the honorary title of emeritus professor there. Dr. Pitcher was a member of many professional bodies, and at one time served as president of the American medical association. He was for several years an editor of the "Peninsular Journal," and published various addresses, reports, and contributions to professional journals. While he was in the army, stationed on the northern frontier, he studied the habits, diseases, and remedies of the Indians, and he was the contributor of an article on practical therapeutics among the Indians to Henry R. Schooleraft's work on the aborigines.
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