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STUART, Moses, Hebraist, born in Wilton, Connecticut, 26 March, 1780; died in Andover, Massachusetts, 4 January, 1852. He was graduated at Yale in 1799, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1802, but did not enter on the practice of his profession, being called to a tutorship in Yale college the same year. After two years of teaching he studied theology, and in 1806 was ordained as pastor of a Congregational church in New Haven. He gained high repute as a forcible and effective preacher, but relinquished pastoral work in 1810, when he was elected to the professorship of sacred literature in Andover seminary, although at that time he possessed but a limited knowledge of Hebrew. He applied himself dill-gently to the language, learning German in order to study the philological treatises of Friedrich H. W. Gesenius, and in 1813 completed a grammar, which was passed around in manuscript, and copied by his pupils. When he obtained type for printing the work, he could find no compositors acquainted with the Hebrew characters, and therefore began the composition with his own hands. His first Hebrew grammar, which was without the diacritical points, was superseded eight years later by his grammar with points, which became the text-book that was generally used in the United States, and was republished in England by Reverend Dr. Edward B. Pusey, regius professor of Hebrew at Oxford. Professor Stuart was the first to make Americans acquainted with the works of Rosenmfiller, Ewald, and other German Orientalists, and, by applying their scientific methods of philological and archaeological investigation, founded a new school of biblical exegesis. He retired from his professorship on account of advancing age and infirmities. His publications include a" Sermon" on resigning his pastoral charge (1810)and other discourses; " Grammar of the Hebrew Language without Points" (Andover, 1813) ; "Letters to Reverend William E. Channing, containing Remarks on his Sermon recently preached and published at Baltimore" (Andover, 1.819) : " Dissertations of Jahn and Others on the Best Method of studying the Languages of the Bible," translated, with notes (1821) ; " Grammar of the Hebrew Language, with a Copious Syntax and Praxis" (1821); " Elements of Interpretation," translated from the Latin of Johann A. Ernesti, with notes (1822);" Two Discourses on the Atonement" (1824) ; with Edward Robinson, a translation of Georg B. Winer's " Greek Grammar , of the New Testament" (1825) ; " Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews" (2 vols., 1827-'8); .... Hebrew Chrestomathy, designed as a Course of Hebrew Study" (2 vols., 1829-'30); " Practical Rules for Greek Accents and Quantity" (1829); " Exegetical Essays upon Several Words relating to Future Punishment" (1830); "Letter to William E. Channing on the Subject of Religious Liberty" .(Boston, 1830); " Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans, with a Translation and Various Ex-cursus" (Andover, 1832); " Is tile Mode of Christian Baptism prescribed in the New Testament ?" (1833), to which Professor Henry J. Ripley replied (1837); " Cicero on the Immortality of the Soul" (1833), which was severely criticised by Professor James L. Kingsley in the "American Monthly Review "; "Grammar of the New Testament Dialect" (1834) ; " On the Discrepancies between the Sabellian and Athanasian Methods of representing the Doctrine of a Trinity in the Godhead," translated from the German of Friedrich Schleiermacher, with notes and illustrations (1835): " Philological View of Modern Doctrines of Geology" (1836); " Hints on the Interpretation of Prophecy" (1842); " Critical History and Defence of the Old Testament Canon" (1845) ; " Commentary on the Apocalypse" (Andover, 1845) ; " Miscellanies," coinprlsmg his letters to Channing and sermons on the atonement (1846) ; "' Hebrew Grammar of Gesenius, as edited by Rediget, translated, with Additions, and also a Hebrew Chrestomathy" (1846), which drew forth a volume of strictures from the first translator, Thomas J. Conant (New York, 1847) ; "A Letter to the Editor of the' North American Review' on Hebrew Grammar," replying to Conant's criticisms (1847) ; "Conscience and the Constitution, with Remarks on the Speech of Webster on Slavery," a defence of Daniel Webster's acquiescence in slavery and the Missouri compromise (Boston, 1850), to which Reverend Rufus W. Clark replied (1850); "Commentary on the Book of Daniel" (1850); "Commentary on Ecclesiastes" (New York, 1851); and "Commentary on the Book of Proverbs" (1852). See his " Funeral Sermon," preached by Reverend Edwards A. Park (Andover, 1852): and " Discourse on the Life and Services of Moses Stuart," by Reverend William Adams (New York, 1852).--His son, Isaac William, educator, born in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1809 ; died in Hart-ford, Connecticut, 2 October, i861, was graduated at Yale in 1828, and taught in Hartford, Connecticut, till 1835, when he became professor of Greek and Roman literature in the South Carolina college, Columbia. He resigned in 1839, and subsequently resided in Hartford, where he was thrice elected to the state senate. He was the owner of the Wyllis estate, on which stood the charter oak. He was a student of Oriental literature, and became interested in Egypt-ology, publishing a translation of Abbe Henore Greppo's " Essai sur le systeme hidroglyphique de Champollion le jeune," with notes and a preface by his father (Boston, 1830). While professor at South Carolina college he produced an annotated edition of the " (Edipus Tyrannus" of Sophocles (New York, 1837). In later life he gave much attention to American history and antiquities, publishing "Hartford in the Olden Time," by "Scmva" (Hartford, 1853); " Life of Captain Nathan Hale, the Martyr Spy" (1856); and " Life of Jonathan Trumbull, the Revolutionary Governor of Connecticut" (Boston, 1859).
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