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VERSCHOOR, Julius Wilhelm Van (fair-shore), Dutch navigator, born in Dordrecht about 1575: died there in 1640. He sailed as rear-admiral of a fleet that was equipped by order of the states-general of Holland and Prince Maurice of Nassau for an expedition against Peru, under command of Admiral Jacob L'fiermite Clerk, which left Amsterdam, 29 April, 1623. They stopped at the Cape Verde islands, where rich prizes were secured, and, on 1 February, 1624, made Cape Pefias on Tierra del Fuego. The admiral was already very sick, and after July, 1623, the fleet was virtually commanded by Vice-Admiral Gheen Huygen Schapenham and Verschoor. On 2 February they entered the Strait of Le Maire, and, the fleet being dispersed by winds, Verschoor discovered Nassau bay, between Navarin, Hoste, and Wollaston islands. His mathematician, Johan von Walbeek, made a chart of the southeastern coast of Tierra del Fuego and the Strait of Le Maire, which was at that time the most authentic map of the extremity of South America. In March, 1824, Verschoor was detached with a division for the American coast, while the admiral sailed for Juan Fernandez. Verschoor joined him there, and the fleet attacked Callao on 12 May, burning thirty merchant vessels in the harbor. On 23 May, Verschoor was sent to attack Guayaquil, which he partly burned, but he was repelled there and again at Pisco. After Hermite's death, 2 June, 1624, Schapenham took the command-in-chief, and, in opposition to Verschoor's advice, refused to attack Callao again, which could have been easily carried, and a new expedition against Pisco was decided upon; but the Dutch were driven back on 26 August, owing to Schapenha.m's ill-concerted measures. When the fleet reached the coast of New Spain, Verschoor secured several rich prizes and was ordered to sail for the East Indies, Schapenham returning by way of Cape Horn to the Atlantic. Versehoor arrived on 2 March at Ternate, in the Moluccas, and, the vessels being assigned to other services, he returned to Holland to report to the states-general. His secretary, Hessel Getritz, published "Journal van de Nassauche Vloot" (Amsterdam, 1626). A German version, with additional remarks, was made by Adolf Decker, who had served as captain of marines in the expedition. It is entitled "Journal oder Tag-Register der Nassauischen Flotte" (Strasburg, 1629). De Bry published a later version of it in his "Historiae Americanae " (1634), but the best-known version was published in French in the "Recueil des voyages de la Compagnie des Indes." Des Brosses gave also an account of the expedition in his "Voyages aux terres australes," and Captain James Burney published an English translation in his "Voyages to the South Sea" (London, 1811).
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