Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GREEN, Jacob, patriot, born in Malden, Massachusetts, 22 June, 1722; died in Morristown, New Jersey, 24 May, 1796. His parents were poor and he was apprenticed to a trade in order to meet his College expenses. He was graduated at Harvard in 1744, and under the influence of George Whitefield became a clergyman in 1745, and was installed pastor of the Presbyterian Church in Morristown, New Jersey To support his family he also studied and practiced medicine while occupying this pulpit. In 1757 he was elected president of the College of New Jersey. He was a delegate to the Provincial congress of that state in 1775, was chairman of the committee that drafted the state constitution, and wrote a series of articles on the depreciation of paper currency, which had wide circulation. His suggestions regarding the redemption of continental currency were much the same as were those afterward adopted by congress. Mr. Green's published works are "Sermons" (Philadelphia, 1768) ; " Sermons" (1769); " A Pamphlet en the Jewish Church" (1768); and an "Autobiography," which was published in " The Christian Advocate " by his son.-His son, Ashbel, clergyman, born in Hanover, Morris County, New Jersey, 6 July, 1762 ; died in Philadelphia, 19 May, 1848, taught to acquire the means to attend College, but in 1778 his studies were interrupted by the Revolutionary war, in which he served as a sergeant until the spring of 1782. He then entered Princeton, was graduated in 1784, and the next year was appointed tutor, and afterward became professor of mathematics and natural philosophy. In 1786 he was licensed to preach by the presbytery of New Brunswick, and the next year was installed pastor of the 2d Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia. He was a delegate to the general assembly of his Church in 1790, and moved a renewal of communications between this and the Congregational Church. In 1792 he was appointed chaplain to congress. The Princeton College buildings were destroyed by fire in 1802, and when it was rebuilt, Dr. Green, who had been one of its trustees since 1790, was elected its president in 1812. The same year the title of LL. D. was given him by the University of North Carolina, and he was elected president of the board of trustees of Princeton theological seminary. He resigned the presidency of Princeton in 1822, and removed to Philadelphia, where he edited "The Christian Advocate" for twelve years, and during a portion of the time "The Assembly's Magazine." During this period he frequently supplied vacant pulpits. He was a voluminous writer. His principal works are "Discourse delivered in the College of New Jersey, with a History of the College" (Boston, 1822) ; "Presbyterian Missions" (1820) ; "Sermons on the Assembly's Catechism" (1818); " Sermons from 1790 to 1836 " (1836) ; and " Reports and Addresses from 1793 to 1836" (1837). He also edited Dr. Witherspoon's works, and an autobiography of Jacob Green (Philadelphia, 1802). --Ashbel's son, Jacob, scientist, born in Philadelphia, 26 July, 1790; died there, 1 February, 1841, in his boyhood developed a taste for botany, and made a large collection of plants. At an early age he wrote a treatise on electricity which gave him a reputation. In 1806 he was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania, studied law, and began practice, but accepted in 1818 the chairs of chemistry, experimental philosophy, and natural history, in Princeton. In 1822 he became professor of chemistry in Jefferson medical College, where he remained until his death. He is the author of "Chemical Diagrams" ; " Chemical Philosophy" (Philadelphia, 1829) ; " Astronomical Recreations" (1829) ; " A Syllabus of a Course of Chemistry" (1835); " Trilobites" (2 vols., 1832);" The Botany of the United States " (1833) ; '"Notes of a Traveller" (1831): and " Diseases of the Skin" (1841).
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