Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DODGE, Henry, soldier, born in Vincennes, Indiana, 12 October 1782; died in Burlington, Iowa, 19 June 1867. His father, Israel Dodge, was a revolutionary officer of Connecticut. Henry commanded a mounted company of volunteer riflemen in August and September 1812, became major of Louisiana militia under General Howard on 28 September major in McNair's regiment of Missouri militia in April 1813, and commanded a battalion of Missouri mounted infantry, as lieutenant colonel, from August till October 1814. He was colonel of Michigan volunteers from April till July 1832, during" the Black Hawk war, and in the affair with the Indians at Pickatolika, on Wisconsin River, 15 June totally defeating them. He was commissioned major of U. S. rangers, 21 June 1832, and became the first colonel of the 1st dragoons, 4 March 1833. He was successful in making peace with the frontier Indians in 1834, and in 1835 commanded an important expedition to the Rocky mountains.
General Dodge was unsurpassed as an Indian fighter, and a sword, with the thanks of the nation, was voted him by congress. He resigned from the army, 4 July 1836, having been appointed by President Jackson governor of Wisconsin territory and superintendent of Indian affairs. He held this office till 1841, when he was elected delegate to congress as a democrat, and served two terms. In 1846 he was again made governor of Wisconsin, and after the admission of that state to the Union was one of its first U. S. senators. He was reelected, and served altogether from 23 June 1848, till 3 March 1857.
His son, Augustus Caesar Dodge, senator, born in St. Genevieve, Missouri, 12 January 1812; died in Burlington, Iowa, 20 November 1883, received a public school education, and served under his father in the Winnebago war of 1827 and the Black Hawk war of 1832. He removed to Burlington, Iowa, was register of the land office there in 1838'9, and was then elected a delegate to congress as a democrat from the territory of Iowa, serving from 1840 till 1847. Upon the admission of Iowa to the Union he .became one of its U. S. senators, and served from 1848 till his resignation, 8 February 1855, his father being in the senate from Wisconsin during the same period. He was a presidential elector in 1848, U. S. minister to Spain in 1855'9, his appointment to fill the mission vacated by the accomplished linguist, Pierre Soul5, eliciting from Horace Greeley the criticism that the administration had thought proper to appoint as successor to a gentleman who spoke six languages a person who could not correctly speak one! General Dodge was a delegate to the Chicago national democratic convention of 1864. and in 1873'4 was mayor of Burlington, having been chosen on an independent ticket. On 4 February 1854, Albert G. Brown, of Mississippi, alluded, in the course of a speech in the senate, to certain occupations as menial and degrading, whereupon Mr. Dodge replied to him, ending with the following words : "I tell the senator from Mississippi, in presence of my father, who will attest its truth, that I have performed, and do perform when I am at home, all of those menial services to which that senator has referred in terms so grating to my feelings. As a general thing, I saw my own wood and do all my own marketing. I never had a servant, of any color, to wait upon me a day in all my life. I have driven teams, horses, mules, and oxen, and considered myself as respectable then as I now do, or as any senator upon this floor is."
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