Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LUDLOW, George Duncan, jurist, born on Long Island, New York, in 1734; died in Fredericton, New Brunswick, 13 November, 1808. He was an apothecary in early life, but studied law, and, notwithstanding a serious impediment of speech, became eminent as an advocate. Previous to the Revolution he exercised much influence in the colony, and was councillor and a judge of the supreme court in 1769 ; and to compensate him for the loss of the office of chief justice, to which he was entitled by the law of succession, public opinion induced Lieutenant-Governor Andrew Elliott in 1778 to appoint him master of the rolls and superintendent of police on Long Island, "with powers and principles of equity to hear and to determine controversies until civil government can be declared." Ludlow was a strong loyalist, and the previous year his house at Hempstead had been plundered, and it is said that he escaped imprisonment by climbing on the roof through the scuttle and hiding behind the chimney. The Whigs had organized a government as early as 1777, but Ludlow was sustained in office by the loyalists until the peace, when he was compelled to leave the country, and his seat at Hyde Park and his other property were confiscated. After a visit to England he settled in New Brunswick, where he was a member of the first colonial council, administered the government as senior councillor, and in 1784 became the first chief justice of the supreme court.--His brother, Gabriel G., born in New York city, 16 April, 1736; died in Carle-ton, New Brunswick, 12 February, 1808, entered the military service of the crown at the beginning of the Revolution, and was colonel and commandant of De Lancey's 3d battalion in 1782. At the close of the war his estate of 140 acres in Hyde Park was confiscated, and he was banished. After a short residence in England, he removed to New Brunswick with his brother, Judge Ludlow, and drew three lots at Carleton. He was a member of the first council of St. John, its first mayor, and on the organization of the court of vice-admiralty in 1787, although not a member of the bar, was appointed judge. In 1803, on the embarkation of Governor Thomas Carleton for England, Ludlow, being senior councillor, became president and commander-in-chief. His residence in Carleton is still standing, and is known as the "old government house."--His great-nephew, John, clergyman, born in Acquackanonck, New Jersey, 13 December, 1793 ; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 8 September, 1857, was the grandson of Richard, who adhered to the patriot cause during the Revolution. John was graduated at Union college in 1814, at New Brunswick theological seminary in 1817, and on his ordination became pastor of the Reformed Dutch church there. He was professor of biblical literature and ecclesiastical history in New Brunswick seminary in 1819-'23, and at the latter date accepted the charge of the 1st Reformed Dutch church of Albany, New York He was provost of the University of Pennsylvania in 1834, delivered several courses of lectures before the Smithsonian institution and other scientific and literary bodies, and in 1.854 returned to New Brunswick theological seminary, as professor of ecclesiastical history and church government. Union college gave him the degree of D.D. in 1827, and subsequently that of LL. D.--John's son, James Reily, jurist, born in Albany, New York, 3 May, 1825; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 20 September, 1886, was graduated in 1843 at the University of Pennsylvania, which in 1870 conferred on him the degree of LL.D. In 1846 he was admitted to the Philadelphia bar, and in 1857 he was chosen judge of the court of common pleas in that city. He filled this office until 1875, when, under the new constitution of the state, he was transferred to the president judgeship of the court of common pleas, which place he held at the time of his death. Although he was a Democrat of well-known partisan conviction, on two occasions he was elected to the office by the votes of all parties. He was a member of the American philosophical society and of the Historical society of Pennsylvania, and for a long period of time one of the trustees of Jefferson medical college. With John M. Collins he edited an American edition of "Adams on Equity " (Philadelphia, 1852).
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