Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ESTAUGH, Elizabeth, colonist, born in London, England, in 1682; died in New Jersey in 1762. She was the oldest daughter of John Haddon, a Quaker. During her early youth William Penn visited her father's house, and greatly amused her by talking about the Indians. From that time she became interested in the Quaker emigrants, and early began to talk of visiting the colonies. Her father purchased land in New Jersey, with a view of emigrating, but did not carry out his plan; and when he offered the land to any relative who would settle upon it, Elizabeth at once promptly agreed to accept it. Her parents reluctantly permitted her to embark early in the spring of 1700, accompanied by a friend and housekeeper, and two menservants, members of the Society of Friends.
Soon afterward she married John Estaugh, a Quaker preacher, after a courtship in which the first advances were made by herself in the following words: "Friend John, I have a subject of importance on my mind, and one which nearly interests thee. I am strongly impressed that the Lord has sent thee to me as a partner for life." In 1742 her husband went to make a religious visit to Tortola, in the West Indies, where he died. She published a religious tract by him, in which appears a preface entitled "Elizabeth Estaugh's Testimony concerning her Beloved Husband, John Estaugh." Mrs. Estaugh's house became a place of general resort for Friends, and an asylum for benighted travelers. Haddonfield, New Jersey, was named for her. Her medical skill is so well remembered, that the old nurses of New Jersey are said still to recommend her preparations.
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