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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor

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Elihu Yale

Portrait from Circa 1701: 
Printed Portraits from the Time of Elihu Yale
through April 1, 2001 at Yale University

YALE, Elihu, philanthropist, born in or near Boston, Massachusetts, 5 April, 1649; died in England, 8 July, 1721. His father, David, came to New Haven from England in 1638, but returned in 1651, and was followed in 1652 by his family, including Elihu, who never revisited this country. The son went to the East Indies about 1678, and in 1687-'92 was governor of Fort St. George, Madras. Gov. Yale acquired great wealth in India. On 22 May, 1711, Jeremiah Dummer wrote from London to Governor John Pierpont, then a trustee of the Collegiate school of Connecticut:

" Here is Mr. Yale, formerly governor of Fort George in the Indies, who has got a prodigious estate, and, having no son, now sends for a relation of his from Connecticut to make him his heir. He told me lately that he intended to bestow a charity upon some college in Oxford under certain restrictions which he mentioned. But I think he should much rather do it to your college, seeing he is a New England and, I think, a Connecticut man. If, therefore, when his kinsman comes over, you will write him a proper letter on that subject, I will take care to press it home." 

The result was that between 1714 and 1721 Governor Yale gave to the Collegiate school books and money whose total value was estimated at £800. The timeliness of these gifts, rather than their intrinsic value, made them a great aid to the struggling college, and in 1718, after its removal from Saybrook to New Haven, its trustees named the new collegiate building in the latter place Yale college. 

This name, applied at first only to the edifice, was given formally to the institution in the charter of 1745. President Thomas Clap says that Yale 

"... was a gentleman who greatly abounded in good humor and generosity, as well as in wealth." 

He is buried in Wrexham, Wales, the ancient seat of his family. On his tomb is engraved an epitaph which contains the well-known couplet:  " Born in America, in Europe bred, in Africa traveled, and in Asia wed." 

A full-length portrait of Governor Yale hangs in Alumni hall, Yale college. The accompanying illustration represents the completed corner of the quadrangle of buildings that is to enclose the college grounds. The original "Yale college" is not now standing, the oldest building on the grounds having been erected in 1752.  -- Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, by Louis K. - Upper St. Clair High School, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

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