Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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FLANDERS, Benjamin Franklin, statesman, born in Bristol, New Hampshire, 26 January 1816. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1842, removed to New Orleans in 1843, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and began practice, at the same time devoting much of his time to teaching in the public schools of the City, of which he was for several years the principal, being finally chosen superintendent in the 3d municipality, an office which he declined. He was part proprietor and one of the editors of the New Orleans "Tropic," a short-lived newspaper. In 1862 he was compelled to leave New Orleans for the north because of his devotion to the Union, but on the capture of that City he returned, and in the same year the Federal military authorities made him treasurer of New Orleans. This office he resigned in a few months, having been elected a representative to congress, as a Unionist, taking his seat within a fortnight of its final adjournment, in March 1863. In that year See. Chase appointed him supervising special agent of the treasury department for Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, which place he resigned in 1866. In June 1867, General Philip H. Sheridan created him military governor of Louisiana, superseding J. Madison Wells, an office that he assumed without inauguration ceremonies, and resigned in six months. By the choice of Governor Warmoth, he was made mayor in May 1870, and in November following was elected for two years. In 1873 General Grant appointed him U. S. assistant treasurer in New Orleans, and this office he held until 1885.
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